The major anti-bacterial component in Mānuka honey is Methylglyoxal (MGO). It is found in most types of honey, but usually only in small quantities. But you might ask where does it come from?
In Mānuka honey, MGO comes from the conversion of another compound dihydroxyacetone (DHA), that is found in high concentration in the nectar of Mānuka flowers. That's all good but what makes it so special?
a very reactive compound and due to its unique chemical structure, it reacts with bacterial DNA and disrupts its structural integrity and function. Thus, it directly damages the formation of new bacterial cells.
APP Rating & beyond
Each batch of honey that we obtain is extensively tested by independent laboratories to ensure that only the best goes into our jars and onto your shelf. We begin our testing by looking for the unique markers that are only found in Mānuka honey, ranging from the pollen of the Mānuka plant to the unique compounds (known as chemical markers) that have been identified to only occur in manuka honey. Lastly, the naturally occurring compounds that make Mānuka honey special are quantified. Our testing extends beyond just Methylgloxal (MGO) or unique Manuka factor (UMF)- the commonly known compound that gives Mānuka it’s antibacterial properties. We also look at the Dihydroxyacetone (DHA)- a compound that is found in the nectar from the manuka flowers and it is this that the MGO is derived.
Mānuka honey has more to offer than just MGO. These extra nutritional constituents, depicted as the APP rating, are health promoting factors and include anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and polyphenols- probiotics which helps increase the ratio of beneficial bacteria in our gut. For these reasons, Mānuka honey is the perfect addition to your ever day health routine.
We also look for any unwanted compounds in the honey that can come as a result of poor beekeeping practices, or modern farming, including pesticides, herbicides, and antibiotics. There is evidence that these compounds can cause health- related issues and be carcinogenic. We also look for the presence of specific sugar molecules that when present shows that intentional contamination has occurred, usually due to excessive sugar feeding of the bees. Here at Zealandia Honey, we have a zero tolerance policy for the presence of any unwanted compounds.